This module enables learners to analyze scientific evidence and determine their application to effectively care for the critically ill patient. It also enhances students' proficiency in using the nursing process as a systematic tool for problem solving and individualizing patient care whilst utilizing research methods to highlight current issues in the clinical care setting

Pharmacology is the interaction of chemical substances with biological systems.  The subject has its foundation in physiology, biochemistry and biophysics and is directly applicable to medicine and therapeutics. Pharmacology is also applicable to other disciplines such as environmental and pollution control and can be further divided as biochemical, molecular, neurological and clinical. The course offered in the Doctor of Medical Dentistry is General Pharmacology and includes the major areas of Pharmacology: general principles, commonly used medication to treat pathological systemic conditions of all the body systems, pharmacological properties, physiologic effects, indication for use and side effects of drug.


Upon completion of the module, the student should have:

1. An understanding of the basic principles underlying the introduction of a drug into the body, its passage through the various cells, organs and tissues, the method by which it achieves its pharmacological effects, the changes it undergoes in the body as well as its elimination from this system.

2. An understanding of drug classification so that the pharmacological classification of drugs can be correlated with the therapeutic applications.

3. An awareness that chemical substances can be useful as well as misused and that a substance that seems entirely harmless to one individual may prove dangerously poisonous for another.  

4. A knowledge of emergency treatment and antidote useful in drug toxicity.

4. An appreciation that firsthand knowledge is best supported by practical experiences as shown by the effort to correlate theory with practical exercises.

The common periodontal diseases found in humans are gingivitis and periodontitis. These are inflammatory responses in the periodontal tissues induced by microorganisms       in dental plaque, which contributes to tissue destruction, bone loss, and eventually tooth loss.  This module provides an overview on the molecular biology of the host-parasitic   relationship from a cellular signaling perspective specific to the pathogen-associated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)

This module will introduce students to behavioural theory, public health practice, as well as interventions and constraints relating to the practice of public health at the community level. Further the students will be equipped to use the evidence based approach and ethical principles to inform their research and intervention programmes

Upon completion of this module the student should be able to:


  1. Apply basic theories, concepts and models of social behavioral disciplines to public health research and community health practice.
  2. Demonstrate the processes and implications involved in the planning implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  3. Specify multiple targets and levels of intervention for social and behavioral science programs and/or policies.